Arizona Supreme Court opinion holding that Arizona's sex offense registration statute is non-punitive and that registration could be required even when facts triggering registration were not proven beyond a reasonable doubt.
Maryland Court of Appeals opinion holding that facts which require registration as a sex offender, in light of the punitive nature of registration, must be established beyond a reasonable doubt in the adjudicatory phase of a criminal proceeding.
Pennsylvania Supreme Court opinion affirming the constitutionality of Pennsylvania's 'sexually violent predator' designations, which require additional fact-finding beyond a conviction for a sexual offense.
Divided Kansas Supreme Court opinion affirming lower courts' findings that Kansas' registration scheme was non-punitive in the context of a violent, non-sexual offense.
United States Supreme Court opinion holding unconstitutional a provision of federal law that mandated imprisonment for preponderance findings that new crimes had been committed while on supervised release.
Washington Court of Appeals holding that, since state SORN was non-punitive, appellant was not deprived of right to jury trial when he was ordered to register, fact that neither plea nor element of the offense specified age of victim or biological relationship notwithstanding.
Indiana Court of Appeals holding that actions of state Dep't of Corrections did not violate right of jury trial in regards to registration.