Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court opinion holding as a matter of first impression that private, planned community restrictive covenants prohibiting the residence of individuals required to register under Pennsylvania's sex offense registry are void as a matter of public policy.
Federal District Court for the Southern District of California finding that local San Diego ordinance enacting residential banishment laws for people convicted of sex offenses was preempted by state law.
Federal trial court order denying motion to dismiss lawsuit regarding San Diego's residential banishment laws, alleging various constitutional violations.
Hennepin County trial court finding that city's residential banishment laws were unconstitutional under theories of conflict and field preemption
Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruling that residential banishment law for those convicted of sex offenses that was enacted by city was effectively preempted under Massachusetts Home Rule amendment.
Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court opinion declaring unconstitutional local ordinance restricting where people on the registry may live on the grounds of preemption.
New York Court of Appeals held that doctrine of field preemption meant that counties could not enact their own ordinances restricting where people on the sex offense registry could reside.