Pennsylvania Supreme Court opinion vacating trial court opinion finding that Pennsylvania's sex offense registry violated various constitutional provisions related to punishment and reputation, and remanded for fact-finding on rates of re-offense.
Federal trial court in the Eastern District of Tennessee finding that Tennessee's SORA could not be applied retroactively without implicating the Ex Post Facto clause.
Arizona Supreme Court opinion holding that Arizona's sex offense registration statute is non-punitive and that registration could be required even when facts triggering registration were not proven beyond a reasonable doubt.
Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court opinion holding that Pennsylvania's post-Muniz sex offense registration law constituted punishment, that thus could not be applied retroactively in the case of someone who committed their offense prior to any sex offense registry law.
Maryland Court of Appeals opinion holding that facts which require registration as a sex offender, in light of the punitive nature of registration, must be established beyond a reasonable doubt in the adjudicatory phase of a criminal proceeding.
4th Circuit Court of Appeals opinion reversing dismissal of federal indictment for failure to register, finding that non-delegation principles were not violated, and that federal SORNA was not puntive.
Tennessee Court of Criminal Appeals opinion vacating the guilty plea of the Petitioner who pled guilty as a juvenile to an offense that did not require registration at the time of his plea, but subsequently required registration.
Federal District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan granting permanent injunction, prohibiting in total the enforcement of any of Michigan's sex offense registration scheme to anyone who had committed their offenses prior to 2011, as well as prohibiting the enforcement of numerous provisions to any persons required to register.
Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court declaring that registration requirements enacted in response to prior PA Supreme Court decision violated Ex Post Facto clause.
Pennsylvania Superior Court opinion holding that requiring sex offense registration for individual who committed sexual offenses as a juvenile, but was not convicted until reaching adulthood, was unconstitutional.