Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court opinion holding that Pennsylvania's post-Muniz sex offense registration law constituted punishment, that thus could not be applied retroactively in the case of someone who committed their offense prior to any sex offense registry law.
Pennsylvania Supreme Court opinion affirming the constitutionality of Pennsylvania's 'sexually violent predator' designations, which require additional fact-finding beyond a conviction for a sexual offense.
Pennsylvania Superior Court opinion holding that requiring sex offense registration for individual who committed sexual offenses as a juvenile, but was not convicted until reaching adulthood, was unconstitutional.
Pennsylvania Superior Court opinion holding that internet dissemination of sex offender registration information is punitive in effect, and thus retroactive application violates the federal Ex Post Facto clause.
Pennsylvania Supreme Court held that as applied to juveniles, SORN scheme was unconstitutional in that it deprived them of due process rights.
Pennsylvania Supreme Court holding that, under both state and federal constitutions, PAs SORA statutory scheme amounted to punishment and could not be applied retroactively.